European and what is Russia's Phone Number List relationship with Europe have constantly fluctuated. In the era of Peter the Great, his court geographers and historians played a decisive role in redrawing Europe's borders. By designating the Urals as the eastern border of Europe, they decidedly included most of the western territory of the Russian Empire Phone Number List within the old continent. This type of mental mapping served as a symbolic basis for the Europeanization policy promoted by both Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. In her acclaimed Phone Number List her great "draft" of her 1767 policy, Catherine openly declared.
Russia is a European state." For the next two Phone Number List centuries there was constant back and forth about whether and to what extent Russia was 'European'. But as the Soviet Union drew to a close, the Kremlin seemed to have adopted the Catherine formula. One of Mikhail Gorbachev's favorite ideas was that of a 'common Phone Number List European home'. Boris Yeltsin spoke of a "return to European civilization" and, in 2005, Vladimir Putin claimed that Russia was "a European power" that had developed and changed "hand in hand with other European nations" over the past three centuries. These days, however, the Kremlin proclaims that Russia is an autonomous Phone Number List civilization that differs from Europe.
Leading political thinkers in the Phone Number List country say that Russia needs to free itself from Eurocentric ideas. According to the political scientist Sergey , «For 100 years there has been talk of the 'decline' of Europe. But now it seems that a critical stage has been reached. In, Russia's leading foreign policy magazine, asserts that the Phone Number List European Union's Europe rejects "many core European values that have become part of Russian identity." The “new” values and “ideologies” of the European Union – offensive democracy Phone Number List promotion, minority rights.